Red Black & White - The Blacklist in Television and Film -
I researched, wrote and illustrated this accordion folded book about the Blacklist in Hollywood during the 1940's and 50's. I condensed a large amount of information down into a chronological, continual, horizontal image with an accompanying pamphlet insert in the back detailing the most interesting and important events surrounding the blacklist.
I include snippets of facts that I found to be interesting or relevant such as:
- Lucille Ball registered as a communist in the 1930's and nearly paid the price for it later. Luckily, she was much too beloved to fall victim to the House UnAmerican Activities Committee.
- In 1941, Walt Disney's Animation Studio went on strike during the production of Dumbo after animator, Art Babbitt, was fired for trying to help unionize the animators. Dumbo was completed by strikebreaking "scabs". The animation quality suffered and in the film, there was a part where drunken circus clowns, which were caricatures of the striking animators, start chanting about how they're going to "Hit the big boss for a raise." An obvious slight to the striking animators. Babbitt and many other Disney animators shortly thereafter left to create their own studio which became "United Productions of America," or "UPA," which helped to establish a completely new style of animation that went entirely against the Walt Disney, process-intensive rotoscoping methods. In the early 50's, UPA began winning awards over Walt Disney's studio, and Disney began copying the flatter, more graphic style UPA created.
Walt Disney hated communists and always blamed their influence for the strike. He appeared as a "Friendly Witness" in HUAC's communist witch hunt trials, naming names of those he considered to be communists, or "un-American".